How To Cut Wood With 5 The Most Effective Methods

How to cut wood? This is a simple and short question. But it is indeed a very broad topic with a lot of possible answers. In fact, you would need different tools and different kinds of saw for cutting various types of wood. In addition, there are different methods for these tools.

If you pick up the right tool, you would be able to cut wood in a quick and efficient way, leading to very accurate results. Follow this article for the ultimate guide on choosing and using the right tools to cut wood.

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SAFETY FIRST

Before you choose the suitable tools and equipment and start on your project, there are several things that you need to know in order to maintain the best level of safety. It also helps to prevent yourself as well as other people from being injured.

  • Know that it is no easy to work with powered tools and equipment in order to cut wood. These tools can be harmful. Hence, you need to make sure you fully understand all of the features of a tool or machine before you work with it.
  • Make sure that you read the instructions from the manual book of the tool and equipment that you are going to work with.
  • Only work with a sharp blade. If you work with a dull blade, not only it is inefficient, it can cause significant damages and accidents to you.
  • You need to wear your personal protective equipment including your eye protection and gloves. This will help to prevent dirt, debris and wood chip from getting into your eyes. In addition, if you have to work with loud machinery, you should also put on a pair of ear protection.
  • Be aware of your surroundings, especially when you are handling the large projects.
  • Make sure that the working table is as stable as possible. Also, you need to secure the piece of wood with clamps for that piece to stay securely when you use both handsaws and power saws.

CUTTING WOOD WITH A HANDSAW

This tool is the most basic type of saw that you can use to cut wood. It is safer and simpler to use in comparison with other tools. However, the power and energy that you can put into the handsaw will determine which type of wood you can cut. If you are strong enough, you would be able to cut hard pieces of wood easily with a handsaw.

Here are the steps of cutting wood with a handsaw

  • Place the piece of wood on a flat and stable working surface.
  • Position the wood so that there is an open area underneath the area you want to cut off. This would help to prevent you from cutting into the working station and damaging anything that you don’t want to.
  • Mark the line that you want to cut on the piece of wood with a pencil.
  • Use a utility knife with a sharp blade to score along the line that you have drawn on the piece of wood. In case this piece of wood is thick, score for a few times.
  • Hold the handsaw’s handle with both of your hands. Guide the tip of the blade towards a point on side of the piece of wood that you want to cut.
  • Make a few strokes on that point on the outer side of the piece of wood. Move the handle outward so that the blade can turn backward.
  • When a groove is formed, you should keep moving the handle of the handsaw backward and forwards. The stronger you put onto the handsaw, the deeper you can cut into the piece of wood.

CUTTING WOOD WITH A JIGSAW

This tool is suitable for cutting timber or any type of hardwood such as plywood and hardboard. With this tool, you can cut straight and curved pieces of wood.

Here are the steps on cutting wood with a jigsaw:

  • Place the piece of wood on a flat and stable working surface.
  • Position the wood so that there is an open area underneath the area you want to cut off. This would help to prevent you from cutting into the working station and damaging anything that you don’t want to.
  • You should also place the piece of wood in a way that the neatest side of the wood would be placed downwards. Also, place the side of the wood which is coated underneath.
  • Place the jigsaw onto the point where you want to cut the wood and turn on the machinery. Slowly squeeze the trigger and then push the blade of the jigsaw down. You don’t have to put in too much pressure, just let the jigsaw handle the job.
  • When the sharp edge of the jigsaw could be able to rise up from the piece of wood, it means that the cut has gone through.
  • Guide the jigsaw at a slow and constant speed until you finish cutting through the piece of wood. Twist the back of the jigsaw against the direction of the blade.
  • Use the dirt and dust removal feature of the jigsaw to clean up the mess you left behind after you cut wood.

Note: If this is the first time that you use a jigsaw, you can change the speed of the jigsaw to work with the speed that you are the most comfortable with.

If you hear a straining sound, you should slow down the jigsaw to prevent the blade as well as the motor from being overheated.

CUTTING WOOD WITH A CIRCULAR SAW

​Soure: CUTTING WOOD WITH A CIRCULAR SAW

This tool is suitable for cutting timber wood as well as block board and plyboard. You would also use a circular saw when you need to make direct line cuts.

Here are the steps on cutting wood with a circular saw:

  • Place the piece of wood on a flat and stable working surface, possibly a saw table or sawhorses.
  • Position the wood so that there is an open area underneath the area you want to cut off. This would help to prevent you from cutting into the working station and damaging anything that you don’t want to.
  • You should also place the piece of wood in a way that the neatest side of the wood would be placed downwards. Also, place the side of the wood which is coated underneath.
  • Place the circular saw to the point where you want to cut the wood. The right-hand side of the blade should point toward such point.
  • Then guide the notch so that it points at the point that you want to cut the wood.
  • Turn on the machinery. You don’t have to put in too much pressure. Instead, just guide the circular saw lightly along the line that you want to cut the wood into
  • When the sharp edge of the circular saw could be able to rise up from the piece of wood, it means that the cut has gone through.
  • Guide the circular saw at a slow and constant speed until you finish cutting through the piece of wood. Keep the base of the circular saw flat on the surface of the wood. You don’t have to push so hard or else binding would occur on the blade.
  • After you finish cutting, check if the lower blade guard is at its original position.

Note: A circular saw can be paired with different types of blades with different cutting availability.

For example, if the wood you are going to cut is thin, you should use a fine tooth blade to make sure you have the smoothest cuts on the sides of the wood. The 6 ½ inch saw can be used to cut ripping lumber, plywood or composite material. On the other hand, the circular saws such as the 8-inch or 10-inch saws can be used for industrial work.

You can also change the speed setting to make it more suitable for different types of your projects.

Other features you can have in a circular include a variable line of cut indicator, a depth adjuster, a dirt removal and safety switch.

CUTTING WOOD WITH A MITER SAW

This tool is very versatile. It could be used for all types of wood as well as different types of projects such as chopping skirting planks or architraves. It can also be used to cut curves with specific angles. If you want to have smooth and accurate cuts, this one is worth considering.

Here are the steps on cutting wood with a miter saw:

  • Place the miter saw on a flat and stable working surface. The ideal place should be a work table or a stable saw stand.
  • Then place the saw on the bench and then clamp the piece of wood down tightly. Make sure that there would be no movement occurring when you cut this piece of wood with a miter saw.
  • You should take the saw and push the blade of the saw down toward the point that you want to cut the wood into. The bigger the blade, the bigger the size of the cut.

Note: Just like other types of saw, you need to choose the blade diameter. The wider and thicker the pieces of wood you are going to work with, the larger the diameter of the saw’s blade.

There are 2 main types of miter saws which are chop saw and sliding miter saw. They are made for different types of cuts. For straight cuts, go for the chop saw. If you want to deal with more complicated cuts, go for the sliding miter saw.

CUTTING WOOD WITH A CHAINSAW

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This chainsaw is used to cut large pieces of wood. The cut of the chainsaw might not be as accurate as the cuts you can get from other types of saws. It works with the hardest types of wood as well.

The type of a project that you often do with a chainsaw includes trimming, bucking, felling and limbing.

Here are the steps on cutting wood with a chainsaw:

  • Do a quick check to make sure that the chainsaw is safe to use. Check for the tension to stay fixed as well as the faceplate and bar nuts.
  • Turn on saw and pill the starter rode strongly for 2 to 3 times for the engine to fire.
  • Then put the blade onto the piece of wood and place the tip of the blade onto the point of the wood where you want to cut.
  • Squeeze the throttle to make sure that it is open.
  • Don’t push the blade. Continue on guiding the blade towards the line that you want to cut the piece of wood into.
  • When you are about the reach the other side of the log, you can ease on squeezing the throttle.
  • After you finish cutting wood with the chainsaw, wait for it to cool down before covering it for next time use.

Note: When you fill in the gas tank, make sure that you fill in the correct type of fuel and oil. If the fuel that you fill in the gas tank is not suitable, it will burn up the energy quickly.

Since the chainsaw is quite complicated to use, consult the expert or even ask for help when it is the first time that you cut wood with a chainsaw.

CUTTING WOOD WITH A RECIPROCATING SAW

This tool is used for demolishing task instead of building. Hence, you should expect rough cuts with this type of machinery. (If you want to have accurate cuts, you might consider using the miter saw). You can use this tool for cutting tree roots as well.

The steps of using a reciprocating saw are similar to the steps of using the chainsaw.

Here are the steps on cutting wood with a reciprocating saw:

  • Place the piece of wood on a stable saw table without anything underneath the point where you want to cut the piece of wood.
  • Hold the reciprocating saw in both of your hand. Make sure that you can hold the saw stably.
  • Place the tip of the blade toward the point you want to cut and start the machine.
  • Guide the blade of the saw along the line that you want to cut the piece of wood. Change the speed setting if necessary.

Note: You might want to lubricate the blade of the reciprocating saw to make sure it can run as smoothly as possible.

In addition, there are 2 options of reciprocating saw for you to choose from- the corded and cordless one. You can choose the cordless option if you want more portability.

If you can pick up the right tool for cutting wood, it would bring you a lot of benefits including time saving and efficient cutting process. As you can see, there are different tools for you to choose from including handsaws and other powered saws such as circular saw, jigsaw, miter saw, chainsaw and reciprocating saw- to name just a few. You need to think carefully about the woodworking project and the types of cuts you want to have for choosing the right tool.

Cutting wood is one of the most essential things that you need to master when you want to handle various woodworking projects. Before cutting, you need to make sure you know clearly about all parts of the machinery that you are working with as well as the safety precautions that you should follow.

I hope that with the guide above, you would be able to pick up the right tool and start cutting wood without encountering any difficulty at all.

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